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urtica dioica habitat

Its preference for damp, fertile and disturbed ground makes it a good coloniser of places enriched by human activities, such as agriculture and development. Publication Author Grieve. It grows well in nitrogen-rich soil, blooms between June and September, and usually reaches 2–4 ft high. Distribution and Habitat Also called great nettle, European stinging nettle occurs in Coastal Plain, Piedmont and Mountain provinces in the mid-Atlantic and Southeast, from Delaware to Florida. Description. Burning nettle, Urtica urens, is also known as dwarf nettle or small nettle. Stinging nettles are so high in nutrition that they have developed stinging cells to deter herbivores from eating them. The hairs end in a brittle, silica-soaked tip. galeopsifolia, the fen nettle or stingless nettle, is a herbaceous perennial plant found in Europe. An illustrated flora of the Northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. The leaves are dark green, heart-shaped, finely serrated, and tapered at the ends. but lots of information, mainly temperate plants., 9. Native range: The native range of Urtica dioica L. (Urticaceae) includes northern Africa; parts of temperate and tropical Asia; Europe; Canada; Mexico; and the United States. Britton NL; Brown A, 1943. Habitat Waste ground, hedgerows, woods etc, preferring a rich soil and avoiding acid soils[4. Edible parts of Stinging Nettle: Young leaves - cooked as a potherb and added to soups etc. Habitat. Known Hazards The leaves of the plants have stinging hairs, causing irritation to the skin[21. Classification. It may not be known by many, but stinging nettles support over 40 species of insect including small tortoiseshell and peacock butterflies. stinging nettle . Not assessed. Urtica dioica Stinging Nettle, Common Nettle Main interest: wild food and medicinal value, butterfly nesting habitat and food Soil & Exposure: full sun to partial shade, medium moist soil Flower: pale yellow, May to October Foliage: green, toothed and hairy USDA Hardiness: zone 4: -34.4 °C (-30 °F) View Zone Map Mature height & width (max. Actions: Astringent, diuretic, tonic, hypotensive. Flora of Bermuda. Stinging Nettle (Urtica dioica ) is wild, edible and nutritious food. Kingdom: Plantae. Names: Stinging Nettle. J. Nettles can grow on most soil types and can tolerate drier soils. Family. Effects of habitat fragmentation on the insect community of stinging nettle (Urtica dioica L.) were studied, using 32 natural nettle patches of different area and degree of isolation in an agricultural landscape. Anthropogenic (man-made or disturbed habitats), meadows and fields Characteristics. The website also provides access to a database and images of plants photos and herbarium specimens found at … Flower: Staminate and pistillate flowers separate, but on the same plant, flowers very small. As well as being commonly found along rivers, lakes and streams, Urtica Dioica is a ruderal plant that often grows in soils so high in nitrogen they are considered contaminated. SPECIES: Urtica dioica IMMEDIATE FIRE EFFECT ON PLANT : ... Riparian habitat and breeding birds along the Santa Margarita and Santa Ana Rivers of southern California. Habitat There are naturalised populations in several other parts of the world. Special Publication No. Flickr photos above were identified by the individual photographers but not reviewed by EoPS. Title The Herb Book. Show more photos. 3. Download PDF Comment on factsheet. Journal of Ecology, 74(2):485-495. Stinging Nettle (Urtica dioica) may be considered a painful weed by most, but it is a complicated plant with many hidden virtues ranging from a valuable wildlife plant to making beer. Urtica urens. Conservation status. Habitat. It grows to a height of just 10 - 40 cm and is monoecious, i.e. Stinging Nettle. Unlike most other nettles, fen nettle has no stinging hairs or very few, instead being covered in fine, dense, non-stinging hairs. Generally in damp rich soil. the panicles carry both male and female flowers. In the autumn, the leaf canopy deteriorates rapidly, and by November only the stems remain. The Lesser Nettle, Urtica urens, which has greater stinging properties, is not a perennial but an annual plant. Name also: Small Nettle, Dwarf Nettle, Lesser Nettle; Family: Nettle Family – Urticaceae; Growing form: Annual herb. Publisher Penguin Year 1984 ISBN 0-14-046-440-9 Description Not so modern (1930's?) Urtica dioica L. Brennesselwurzel, common nettle, csalángyökér, gazaneh, grande ortie, greater nettle, grosse Brennessel ... U. urens has become less widely distributed due to the reduction of its habitat (3). Britton NL, 1965. Collection: The herb should be collected when the flowers are inbloom.. Part Used: Aerial parts.. Constituents: * Chlorophyll in high yields * Indoles such ashistamine and serotonin * Acetylcholine * Vitamin C and other vitamins, protein anddietary fibre. Structural class. Perennial nettle. A comparative study of the influence of drought stress on flowering in Urtica dioica and U. urens. Stinging nettle (Urtica dioica) is a fast-growing herbaceous perennial that gets tall in the summer and dies back down to the ground in the winter.It bears small greenish flowers in the spring. Habitat: Everywhere!. Roots: creeping Rhizome. This species (of which there are several recognised subspecies) is also found in North America. It is in leaf from March to November, in flower from May to October, and the seeds ripen from June to October. The plant is native to parts of Europe, Asia, and North Africa, but now it can be found worldwide. Plant type: Herbaceous plant covered with stinging hairs. Urtica dioica is a perennial plant that can grow up to 1.20 metres tall. Despite their similarity in causing skin irritation, the two species are considerably different in their biology and preferred habitat. Urtica dioica occurs with lower frequencies in a number of other woodland and scrub communities, ... reaching a peak in shoot biomass between July and September, depending on the habitat (see V B). Urtica dioica. Leaves, stems and roots are edible. Data Sources. Lancaster, USA: Lancaster Press. The complexities of the Stinging Nettle start with its history. The trunk (stem): The stem is erect, with blunt edges, 50-150 cm high, branched. Stinging nettle (Urtica dioica) is a perennial plant native to Europe; it is now found in abundance throughout temperate North America. About A very common plant, the stinging nettle can be found growing in gardens, hedgerows, fields, woodlands and many other habitats. Stem ascending–erect, often branching, 4-edged, with stinging hairs. Classification. Urtica dioica subsp. The entire plant is covered with hairs that contain formic acid. The Alabama Plant Atlas is a source of data for the distribution of plants within the state as well as taxonomic, conservation, invasive, and wetland information for each species. Nettles generally appear in the same locations every year. Nettles are hardy perennials that form large clumps up to 1.2m (4ft) in height. Endangered plant communities of southern California: Proceedings, 15th annual symposium; 1989 October 28; Fullerton, CA. Common name. This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. slender nettle. Habitat. Dicotyledonous Herbs other than Composites. It is harvested from the wild for local use as a food, medicine and source of materials. U.S. Weed Information; Urtica dioica . Habitat. Species group: Plants. This plant can quickly establish itself on waste and unmanaged grounds. Perennial nettles (Urtica dioica) and the annual nettle (Urtica urens) are usually considered to be weeds, although if you have the space to leave some, they can be an excellent source of food and habitat for butterflies such as the red admiral, peacock and small tortoiseshell. Habitat Urtica dioica is a native British perennial growing in damp forests or where land has been disturbed by man. Publication Author Lust. Habitat fragmentation reduced the species richness of Heteroptera, Auchenorrhyncha, and Coleoptera, and the abundance of populations. Height: 10–50 cm (4–20 in.). Urtica dioica is widespread through Europe and North America, and also occurs in North Africa and parts of Asia. Title A Modern Herbal. Flora category. Welcome to the India Biodiversity Portal - A repository of information designed to harness and disseminate collective intelligence on the biodiversity of the Indian subcontinent. Edible Parts. Urtica dioica L. Common Name: STINGING NETTLE: Plant Notes: The neurotransmitters acetylcholine, histamine, and serotonin have been identified in this plant and are likely involved in part of the irritating sensation (Fu et al. the standard framework of the Biological Flora of the British Isles : distribution, habitat, communi-ties, responses to biotic factors, responses to environment, structure and physiology, phenology, floralandseedcharacters,herbivoresanddisease,historyandconservation. Urtica dioica is found throughout Europe, where it is particularly common and widespread in the north. Status: Not Native, FAC (NWPL) Specimen: View details of USF Herbarium specimens ** Not applicable or data not available. Description This species is a herbaceous perennial, which grows as an upright plant to 2 m tall. In: Schoenherr, Allan A., ed. Urtica dioica (Stinging Nettles) Home Classification Habitat Adaptation Nutrition Reproduction Interactions Recipes Medicinal Uses Curing the Sting References Contact Me. Urticacea. Height: 60-170 cm. iNaturalist NZ View observations Donate Support NZPCN. Urtica dioica subsp. Phylum: Anthophyta. Title Edible and Medicinal Plants. Although both are often called stinging nettle, that common name only applies to Urtica dioica. holosericea stinging nettle Legal Status. ... Habitat. Urtica dioica botanical ... Wildlife Habitat. While most people are well aware of the evils of Stinging Nettle, not many are familiar with the good. Stems are upright and rigid. 2. Leaves: opposite Leaves, ovate, large-toothed along the edge. They can also be dried for winter use. Lifetime: long-Term. California nettle. Contact us to report errors. Its range extends southwards into North Africa and estwards into parts of Asia. They thrive in rich soil, moist woodlands, thickets, disturbed areas, along partially shaded trails and riversides. Urtica dioica ssp. Impacts and invaded habitats: Economic impact: "U. dioica is generally regarded as a weedy invasive species. Stinging Hairs and Other Unique Adaptations Stinging Hairs. dioica. Urtica dioica L. A herbaceous perennial with erect, green to purplish square stems, 30-150 cm high, with creeping roots; whole plant covered with stinging hairs. Nettles developed stinging hairs as a defence against grazing animals. The soft, serrated leaves are opposite each other in pairs on the stem. It is considered to be either a subspecies of stinging nettle (Urtica dioica), or a species in its own right: Urtica galeopsifolia. tall nettle. 2007). Latin name: Urtica dioica ... Habitat of the herb: Waste ground, hedgerows, woods etc, preferring a rich soil and avoiding acid soils. New York, USA: Harper Publishing Company. Urtica dioica is a PERENNIAL growing to 1.2 m (4ft) by 1 m (3ft 3in) at a fast rate. Urtica dioica L. Nettle Family (Urticaceae) Origin: Europe. It is hardy to zone (UK) 4 and is not frost tender. Vascular – Exotic. Appearance. Identify stinging nettle via its pictures, habitat, height, flowers and leaves. Publication Author Launert. The stinging nettle prefers temperate climates, full sunlight and soil that is high in nitrogen. Urticaceae . There are numerous varieties of U. dioica, whereas there is only one known species of U. urens. Urtica dioica. Grazing animals meadows and fields Characteristics 2 ):485-495 soil, blooms between June September! Serrated, and North Africa and estwards into parts of Asia the complexities of the world:. Are numerous varieties of U. urens Family: Nettle Family – Urticaceae ; growing form: herb... Habitat Adaptation Nutrition Reproduction Interactions Recipes Medicinal Uses Curing the Sting References Contact Me via pictures! 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