7. Bhootha Aradhane and Yakshagana are famus in Dakshina Kannada. Aati Kalanja' is a ritualistic folk dance performed by the 'Nalke' Community. Kamsale (Beesu Kamsale) is a vigorous dance form of the Kannad speaking inhabitants of the state that employs a great blend of aesthetic sublimity and martial dexterity. The article also describes how the dance forms are performed, how it came into existence and other details. The idols are painted in a traditional manner and are meant to represent the bhootas or the devils. veeshagaararu belong mostly to the "Veerashiva" tradition, while some are Muslims. See more ideas about karnataka, dance of india, kasuti embroidery. All these forms are different from each other by the style of the dance, costumes, properties etc. Kunitha are considered as the ritualistic dances of Karnataka, of which the Dollu Kunitha is one of the ritualistic dances that is popular with the kurubas of 'Beereshvara Sampradaya'. The costumes are decorated with tender leaves of Coconut Palm. Songs about the village deities are sung intermittently. Yakshagana, the traditional art form of Karnataka, is a dance drama which is performed with music and dialogue delivery. The origin of this art form can be traced to the coastal parts of Karnataka and Kerala. Both prose and verse forms are used to elucidate the age-old themes. Karnataka is a treasure house to various dance forms, the word Kunithais used for all folk dances or ritual dances. The other forms of this dance like - Devare Thatte Kunitha, Yellammana Kunitha, Suggi Kunitha are named according to the deity, symbols or instruments which are balanced on the head or held in the hand of the performer while dancing. The most important form of the dance dramas of Karnataka is expressed by the Yakshagana, which is mainly performed in the coastal areas of Karnataka. There are many stories related to the birth of the original sOmas. This belief is acted out by the performers. Karnataka's Bhootha Aradhane is widely popular because of its unique spectacle and strange aura. They wear traditional dresses in gold and red. Photo Courtesy: Vaibhav Mehta This article will highlight the various Indian dance- classical and folk in brief. From village squares to open markets, Krishna Parijatha in Karnataka continues to be a popular folk religious theatrical form. Along with him was created, his consort or wife Bhadrakali, from the wrath of Devi. With its striking facial expressions and graceful hand movements, Bharatanatyam occupies the pride of place in the realm of Indian classical dances. Female roles are taken up by men. The dancers hold yak fur (chavari) in one hand and the Kodava short sword (odi kathi) in the other. The Kullu Natti is a popular dance form in the districts of Kullu which is usually performed during the time of fairs and festivals.You will see a long procession of the dancers where they will be accompanied by musicians who will play ethnic instruments adjoining them. Five to Seven dancers take rhythmic steps while one key performer, who usually inacts an elderly person, drives the story. Another mask is yellow in colour and it is relatively mild in its expression. It is believed that honoring the Kalenja in this manner will rid the village of all evil spirits. In Andhra Pradesh these actors are known as Pagati Veeshagaararu. Here we have provided some important dance in India.Now a days , questions are asked from dance forms of different states in India. Bhutha kola is a highly stylised and very artistic version of the ritual dance of the spirit impersonator which attracts all the spectator. ' Mariammana Kunitha, Urimarammana Kunitha, Puja, Karaga, Dollu, Soman Kunitha, Harige, Sedere, Bhoota Nrutya, Naga Nrutya, Vatte Kola, Kombat and Billat are being performed to worship all incarnations of 'Shakti', the deity of power. There is also an article included in the same website which is all about the cultural dance forms in practice across India. Dollu Kunitha, a dance form of the Kunitha, is performed by the Kuruba caste. Usually only those belonging to okkaliga, lingAyata, besta and kuruba perform these dances. Mohiniattam dance in Kerala developed in the tradition of Devadasi system, which later grew and developed a classical status. sOma is the name given to the masks worn by the performers. A lead singer in the troupe narrates the â Daksha yajnaâ epic with a huge decorative pole called Nandikolu which has an orange flag at the top is held by one of the dancers and the traditional percussion instruments called sambal and dimmu lend music to the dance. They are a pair of cymbal-like discs made of bronze. However, Yakshgana as a theatrical form regained popularity only in the 18th century. In one hand they hold sword and dance to and fro powerfully. Bhootha Aradhane or Bhuta Kola is a ritualistic folk dance that originated from the coastal parts of Karnataka and Keralaas a way of Tulu worship. Given below detail will be helpful for your upcoming competitive exams. All these forms are different from each other by the style of the dance, costumes, properties etc. This art form is performed during the monsoons as the culture of Karnataka is largely based on agriculture. The serpent of Karnataka's Nagamandala celebration is usually considered to be the symbol of fertility and an embodiment of life-force. Bolak-aat is performed by Kodava men dressed in all black with an oil lamp in the open field. They are proficient in the art of miming. It relates with many of the traditions and conventions of the Sanskrit theatre or drama, particularly those of the Purvaranga and the existence of a character, vidushak. The Dollu Kunitha is characterized by vigorous drumbeats, quick dancing movements and synchronized group formations. When they collide, one gets a loud clang. During the performance, musical instruments like ''Mouri' (wind pipe) 'Taase' (percussion) and 'Shruti' (wind pipe) are used. Bhagawanthike, Pata Kunitha and Bana Devara Kunitha are dances performed to worship Lord Vishnu. Dollu Kunitha (dance), is a major popular drum dance of Karnataka. It is performed with deer horns that signify the horns of the krishna mruga (a spotted deer in Kodava legend) with rhythmic tunes played on wind instruments and percussion. This dance is performed during festivals and mainly in the Hindhu month of Shravana and Karthika. Dance is an ancient and celebrated cultural tradition in India. These artists accept invitations to perform at village festivals and annual fairs of the deities. It is performed by the men of Kodava. The other forms of the classical of dances of Karnataka include Kuchipudi and Kathak. The reason behind this â¦ Dollu Kunitha is a major form of folk-dance performance in Karnataka. The art is transmitted orally and through closely guarded tradition transmitted from the preceptor to the pupil. They don't need a green-room. They are usually made of a light variety of wood such as âbUtALeâ. Tulu is a regional language in Karnataka. There is no written documentation of these songs. Particularly, this dance portrays the chivalrous Veerabhadra who according to the Hindu mythology evolved from the drop of sweat of Lord Shiva who was dancing with full vigor combined with anger. Widely practiced in the coastal regions of Karnataka, the festival is a great mix of folk beliefs, awesome spectacle and ritualistic magic to ward away the evil through a worship of the devil himself. Interestingly, this dance form derives its name from the melodiously rhythmic musical instrument Dappu. This is a way of Tulu worship. Other dance form - Devare Thatte Kunitha, Yellammana Kunitha, Suggi Kunitha are named after the deity or the symbol or instruments which are balanced on the head or held in the hand of the dancer. The performer dances to the tune of musical instruments and sometimes wears a mask. Kamsale is mainly practiced in the districts of Mysore, Nanjagud, Kollegal and Bangalore. These masks cover only the head of the dancer and the remaining part of the body is covered either with an improvised skirt made from a saree of the deity or tight trousers. This dance is unique as highly decorated bamboo poles are used in the performance, the dances sway the poles along with the music. An assistant will carry a bag to collect the grains which are given as reward. Kangadilo kunitha is a traditional Tulu Dance form from Karnataka. Image Courtesy: janapadasirel.blogspot.com. The artist can see the external world through the holes made in the nostrils of the mask. Sometimes they are addressed as âJyaatigaarâ caste. Puja Kunitha is a popular ritualistic folk dance of Karnataka practiced largely around Bangalore and Mandya districts. This dance is a devotion to the Kaveri river that the Kodavas worship. The rest of Karnataka has been occupied by the Tuluvas, Konkanis, and Kodavas. Karnataka has a variety of traditional arts, including folk dance and puppetry.. Mysore region Kunitha: a ritual dance. Kodava Folk Dances. Dance Drama: The various dance dramas of Karnataka are also important forms of the dances of Karnataka. Contestants need to fill the application form through the official site of the channel to participate in the show. Kamsale derives its name from the musical instrument used in th performance. Cultural dance forms – karnataka is not about a particular dance form, there are many forms that are in practice in Karnataka. The dancers hold brass cymbals in their hands. The Kunitha has many forms like Dollu Kunitha, Puja Kunitha, Thatte Kunitha, Yellammana Kunitha, Suggi â¦ It is an important tradition and also a prevalent art form. The registration form for the show â¦ They go from door to door in the village or town where they have pitched their camp and offer to perform their show. Behind this mask one discerns a triangular structure woven with cane and covered with multi coloured sarees. Hence 'Dollu' is popular among Saivites. The Dollu dance is related to a myth related to the divine couple of Shiva and â¦ . Puja Kunitha is a folk dance form practiced in the regions of Bangalore and Mandya districts and is a ritualistic dance for worshipping goddess Shakti in all her forms of incarnation. Answer d) Andhra Pradesh. Bhutha kola is an ancient ritual form of worship prevalent among the Tulu- Speaking community in Udupi, districts of South kanara in karanataka and Kasargod taluk in Kerala which is alternatively known as âTulu-Naduâ. 'Bhutha' worship has different types of folk music, to the tune of musician an impersonator dance and his foot step moves with heavy anklet called 'Gaggara' and in his hand 'Chaury' (Yak tail fan). Now, during festivals this art form is most sought after around the Karnataka state. Nagamandala is a ritual dance performed in south Karnataka to tranquilize the serpent spirit, and is an extravagant night-long affair. The Dollu instrument used today is made from the skin of either, sheep or goats, tightly fitted from all sides to a frame that is made up of honne or mango tree wood. They are entrusted with the twin tasks of guarding the village deities and worshipping them. Goravara kunita is a dance worshipping Shiva which is popular in the Mysore and North Karnataka regions. For performing this dance, all the dancers carry a wooden type of structure having a deity on their heads. Krishna Parijatha of Karnataka is a traditional folk theater form that is sometimes considered to be a blend of yakshagana and Byalatta and sometimes as a regional variant of yakshagana. Povadas Dance Ummatt-aat is performed by the Kodava women wearing the traditional Kodava dress with jewellery and the conventional kumkuma on their foreheads. Each of the bamboo poles are about 10 to 15 feet high. However, there is not much of a narration that is used and the emphasis is on the rhythm and the skill of the dancers. Hence the impersonator of Kalenja is welcomed by the villagers during the rainy season. Bhootha Aradhane means devil worship. Traditionally, sOmas are supposed to be unsatisfied devotees who after their death have become the guardians of the village deity. These dances are performed to mark celebrations. Yakshagana is a folk theatre form of Karnataka wheras Kunitha are considered as the ritualistic dances of Karnataka. This dance is a visual treat during all religious festivals, religious processions and fairs related to the celebrations for Goddess Shakti. Till that time the written plays were created but mainly as scripts for presentations. This dance form derives its name from an instrument Damam, made from leather. Karnataka is a treasure house of ritualistic dances. The dance form depicts the story of âVeerabhadraâ , the super being (minor God) created by the wrath of Rudra ( lord Shiva) to teach the lesson to his father-in-law Dakha . Yakshagana is a traditional Indian theatre form, developed in Dakshina Kannada, Udupi, Uttara Kannada, Shimoga and western parts of Chikmagalur districts, in the state of Karnataka and in Kasaragod district in Kerala that combines dance, music, dialogue, costume, make-up, and stage techniques with a unique style and form. The dance troupe usually consists of two, four or six members. It is extremely colorful and visually delightful. Yakshagana Dance Form of Karnataka art form is predominantly performed in Dakshina Kannada. The karaga, in a dance performed by the Thigalas, is a metal pot on which stands a tall, floral pyramid and which is balanced on the carrier's head. The ritual dances of Karnataka are known as Kunitha. They are orally handed down by tradition with great respect for the purity of the form. Pata Kunitha in Karnataka is a popular folk-dance form extremely popular among the inhabitants of the Mysore region. Usually Kamsale is performed by a group of three to five dancers, although the number can go up to twelve with singers included. The ritual dances of Karnataka are known as Kunitha.One such dance is the Dollu Kunitha, a popular dance form accompanied by singing and the beats of decorated drums.This dance is primarily performed by men from the shepherd or Kuruba caste. Going back to ancient times, this art form [â¦] This form of folk dance is unique to Karnataka. The Haligi is round, made of buffalo hide and played with a short stick. Cymbals and Shehanoy(wind pipe) are also used. they just carry their musical instruments with them a harmonium, a "Tabla-Daggaa" and a pair of cymbals. The dancers put on white turban like head gear and wear kaavi coloured dhotis, Rudrakshamala, Nagabharanas and a wooden plaque of Lord Veerabhadra on their chest and smear their forehead ears and eye brows with Vibhooti. Pata Kunitha typically employs the use of the pata, which are primarily long bamboo poles decorated with color ribbons. Along with Beesu Kamsale, it is the most popular folk dance form in the Mysore region of the state. Huttari Dance, Bolak-aat, Ummatt-aat and Komb-aat are the popular traditional dance forms from Kodagu Region. The householders reward them with paddy, coconut, turmeric , rice etc.. As a part of ritual, a person of Nalke community dresses up in the form of Bhutha âSpiritâ known as Kalanja with the costume made up of the tender coconut leaves, anklets, colourful cloth, a long cap made up of Areca spathe ,paint their face with various colours and designs and holds an umbrella decorated with leaves and flowers . The celebration of Nagamandala at Karnataka employs music, dance, ritual chanting in Sanskrit and Kannad and possession of the head-priest. The use of make-up is common, as is the elaborate use of music and dance. ( Pterocarpus Santalinus Linn tree which is commonly known as the 'Indian red tree'). Though some narration is used, it is not of much significance. The first Yakshgana play was in Telugu & was written in the 16th century by Peda Kempa Gaudan and was called as Ganga Gauri Vilasam. VEERAGASSE DANCE Veeragasse is a dance form prevalent in the state of Karnataka, India. The culture of Karnataka revolves around its dance, music folk art and drama, and literature. This person usually has white hair and white mustache. These dance forms have been originated from different parts of India as per the local tradition. Another dance form of Karnataka, which is equally famous, is the Puja Kunitha. The skill of the dancers in maneuvering the long bamboo poles attract the greatest attention. KathakaliKathakali, in the local language, Malayalam, means âstory and playâ. This form focuses more on the visual representation or exhibition of the dance, than the oral narration during the performance. The Kamsale are hit in rhythm with the songs which typically are taken from the Mahadeswara epic exalting the glory of the lord Mahadeswara. The much-acclaimed dance of Bharatanatyam has taken root in the state in the form of Mysore Bharatanatyam. Yakshagana, the classical form of dance drama in Karnataka echoes the rich history and culture of the state. The art form is 500 years old, and the entire portrayal takes place in refined Kannada, without even a word of any other language. For performing this dance, all the dancers carry a wooden type of structure having a deity on their heads. Only men are permitted to perform this dance and they are called sOmas. Odissi. These dances are not performed as secular events that entertain onlookers. Diverse culture of India has the treasure of a variety of folk and tribal dances in regions across the country. This is a drum shaped like a tambourine. Only the men of the shepherd community (Kuruba community) are privileged to perform this dance. Languages of Karnataka: Language is an important part of Karnataka culture and tradition. They can impersonate mythological, divine, or social characters and can present events of even daily life. Krishna Parijatha at Karnataka employs traditional themes taken from the extended corpus of Hindu mythology. The dance form is very attractive and alive with a reverberating background live music and narration of the story. They disguise themselves as different characters or roles and present their performances in cities and villages. when he stepped in to destroy the Yagna (fire sacrifice) of Daksha, after his daughter Dakshayani (Sati) - consort of Shiva, self-immolated in yagna fire. Veeshagaararu are a group of wandering actors of Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh. This form is a combination of dance and music, which is dealt with different and varied topics such as society, religion, politics, romance, etc. Yakshgana is a folk theatre form of Karnataka and it is an ancient art. Folk dancers of Karnataka perform Dollu Kunitha. Another amazing Karnataka traditional dance is the Dammam dance form of the Siddi community. Although there was some kind of an original religious significance to Pata Kunitha at Karnataka, it is now largely lost. a) Uttar Pradesh b) Madhya Pradesh c) Himachal â¦ The dances in the south Indian state of Karnataka comprise of classical and ritualistic dances as well as local folklore. Pata Kunitha of Karnataka is an extremely colorful dance form and provides great visual delight. Hence, the fiery mood that prevails in the dance. Krishna Parijatha is popular in Northern Karnataka. One such dance is the Dollu Kunitha in which singing is accompanied by the beating of drums. The dance incorporates elements that this community is most familiar with - sea and fishing. The folk origins of the ritual is clear and is carried on undisturbed as they were in the ancient times. Karma is the dance form of which state? The Joodu Haligi is performed with two percussion instruments. Veeragasse is one of the dances demonstrated in the Dasara procession held in Mysore. This dance is primarily performed by men from the shepherd or Kuruba caste. Religious fervor pervades the atmosphere. Indian dance is one of the most revered identities of our culture. Yakshgana emerged as a full-fledged theatre form in south Kannada at a time of great political unrest and social disturbances. a) Karnataka b) Kerala c) Tamil Nadu d) Andhra Pradesh. Togalu Gombeyaata is a type of shadow puppetry unique to Karnataka. Kunitha, the traditional dance form of Karnataka is performed on the beats of decorated drums and singing. However, it is still considered to be a largely ritualistic performance. However it is the visual delight of the dance that now characterizes this extremely popular folk dance form in Karnataka. Some of them have the skill of producing even a full-length play like a professional performing troupe.The hagalu veeshgaararu or "day-actors" don't need any regular stage. Siddi community's Dammami dance is also another traditional dance form. Somana Kunitha (sOmana kuNita) is a ritualistic dance performed by two or three artists with elaborate masks. Pata Kunitha, Karnataka, is widely performed in the rural religious gatherings in the villages of the state. The dances also carry an idol of Shakti over their heads in big wooden structures. Then the artist and his assistant , a drummer ,go around the village and dance in front of each house. The instruments are played by those belonging to dalit communities. All throughout the procession, drums are beaten and firecrackers are burnt as the big crowd carry the idols towards a raised platform placed at a distance where the final rites of the procession take place. The religious aspect of Kamsale is prominent. Typically, it involves a procession in which idols are carried with great pomp. Sporting an unsheathed sword in the right hand and a wooden plaque of Veerabhadra in the left hand the dancers perform a martial dance to the beat of Karadi and chamel drums. From the 15th century, in Andhra Pradesh, this folk art is performed both as a narrative song and as a dance drama. The masks are almost four times as big as a human head. Dancers wear traditional colour full kache and wore long white hairs with face sculpture on the head. Share this Article : Yakshagana has been embedded in the history and culture of Karnataka for the past thousand years. Bhootha in India refers to ghost. Pata Kunitha in Karnataka is a popular folk-dance form extremely popular among the inhabitants of the Mysore region. Dollu Kunitha is performed mainly by men and women of the Kuruba community of Nothern Karnataka. The beating drums are decorated by using colours or by flowers. Flower garlands are also worn. The Veeshagaararu mainly entertain their audience, though incidentally by depicting mythological and epic stories in the form of dialogue and songs they disseminate normal ideas and wisdom. The uniqueness of dances of India binds the entire country together. Lavani Dance The word Lavani derived from Lavanya, meaning beauty. The Dollu Kunitha is characterized by vigorous drum beats, quick movements and synchronized group formations. Bhutha or the divine spirit have their own Myths or epics sung during the performance. The 'Bhutha' rituals enormously vary from village to village according to the social structure of the society. Another dance form of Karnataka is the Puja Kunitha. Characters or roles and present their performances in cities and villages on agriculture mask... Covered with multi coloured sarees are considered as the 'Indian red tree ' ) reputed dance in... Shiva which is all about the cultural dance forms are listed here Karadimajal Krishna... 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